• Social Studies Take Home Test is DUE Friday, May 17th

    The test MUST have on the top of the page: Student's FIRST, LAST NAME, NUMBER, and DUE MAY 17th

    • No tests will be accepted after May 17th (if youknow you are going to be absent, hand in the test early)
    • Questions 1-20 are to be completed on loose-leaf
    • Questions are to be restated (do NOT rewrite the questions)
    • The last five questions are to be answered on the sheet itself
    • No one word answers

     

    Below is a copy of the test:

     

    Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Who Fired First?

     

    Directions: Read the following primary sources, answer the questions, and determine who you think fired first at Lexington.

     

    Source #1: The following version came from the personal diary of a young British officer, Lieutenant

    John Barker:

    At 2 o’clock we began our March by wading through a very long ford up to our Middles:

    after going a few miles we took 3 or 4 People who were going off to give intelligence; about 5

    miles on this side of a Town called Lexington, which lay in our road, we heard there were some

    hundreds of People collected together intending to oppose us and stop our going on; at 5 o’clock

    we arrived there, and saw a number of People, I believe between 2 and 300, formed in a

    Common in the middle of the Town; we still continued advancing, keeping prepared against an

    attack tho’ without intending to attack them; but on our coming near them they fired one or two

    shots, upon which our Men without any orders, rushed in upon them, fired and put ‘em to flight;

    several of them were killed, we cou’d not tell how many, because they were got behind Walls

    and into the Woods; We had a Man of the 10th light Infantry wounded, nobody else hurt. We

    then formed on the Common, but with some difficulty, the Men were so wild they coud hear no

    orders; we waited a considerable time there, and at length proceeded on our way to Concord.

    1. What is the background of this source? Job? Patriot, Loyalist, or British soldier?
    2. Who does this source claim fired first?
    3. What evidence does the source use to support their claim?
    4. What reasons might this source have to stretch the truth or not tell the truth?
    5. Do you believe the accuracy of this source? Why or why not?

     

    Source #2: Major John Pitcairn, commander of the advanced British party that engaged the

    Lexington militia, sent the following official report of his activities to Genernal Gage:

    I gave directions to the Troops to move forward, but on no account to Fire, or even attempt it

    without orders; when I arrived at the end of the Village, I observed drawn up on a Green near

    200 of the Rebels; when I came within about One Hundred Yards of them, they began to File off

    towards some stone Walls on our Right Flank—The Light Infantry observing this, ran after

    them—I instantly called to the Soldiers not to fire, but to surround and disarm them, arid after

    several repetitions of those positive Orders to the men, not to Fire &c—some of the Rebels who

    had jumped over the Wall, Fired Four or Five Short at the Soldiers, which wounded a man of the

    Tenth, and my Horse was Wounded in two places, from some quarter or other, and at the same

    time several Shott were fired from a Meeting House on our Left—upon this, without any order or

    Regularity, the Light Infantry began a scattered Fire, and continued in that situation for some little time,

    contrary to the repeated orders both of me and the. officers that were present—It will

    be needless to mention what happened after, as I suppose Col. Smith hath given a particular

    account of it.

    I am sir Your most obedt humble Servant,

    John Pitcairn.

    1. What is the background of this source? Job? Patriot, Loyalist, or British soldier?
    2. Who does this source claim fired first?
    3. What evidence does the source use to support their claim?
    4. What reasons might this source have to stretch the truth or not tell the truth?
    5. Do you believe the accuracy of this source? Why or why not?

     

    Source #3: A member of the colonial Militia testified as follows:

    I, Thomas Fessenden, of lawful age, testify and declared that being in a pasture near the

    meeting-house at said Lexington, on Wednesday last, at about half and hour before sunrise…I saw

    three officers on horseback advance to the front of said Regulars when one of them being within six

    rods of the said Militia, cried out, "Disperse, you rebels, immediately;" on which he brandished his

    sword over his head three times; meanwhile the second officer, who was about two rods behind him,

    fired a pistol pointed at said Militia, and the Regulars kept huzzaing till he had finished brandishing his

    sword, he pointed it down towards said Militia, and immediately on which the said Regulars fired a

    volley at the Militia and then I ran off, as fast as I could, while they continued firing till I got out of

    their reach. I further testify, that as soon as ever the officer cried "Disperse, you rebels," the said

    Company of Militia dispersed every way as fast as they could, and while they were dispersing the

    Regulars kept firing at them incessantly.

    1. What is the background of this source? Job? Patriot, Loyalist, or British soldier?
    2. Who does this source claim fired first?
    3. What evidence does the source use to support their claim?
    4. What reasons might this source have to stretch the truth or not tell the truth?
    5. Do you believe the accuracy of this source? Why or why not?

     

     

    Source #4: Six days after the battle, John Parker, commander of the colonial militia, gave the following report in sworn testimony:

    Lexington, April 25, 1775

    I, John Parker, of lawful age…declare, that on the nineteenth, in the morning, about one o'clock,

    being informed that there were a number of Regular Officers riding up and down the road, stopping

    and insulting people as they passed the road, and also was informed that a number of regular troops

    were on their march from Boston, in order to take the Provisions Stored at Concord, ordered our

    Militia to meet on the common in said Lexington, to consult what to do, and concluded not to be

    discovered, nor meddle or make with said Regular Troops if they should approach, unless they should

    insult us; and upon their sudden approach, I immediately ordered our Militia to disperse and not to

    fire. Immediately said Troops made their appearance, and rushed furiously, fired upon and killed eight

    of our party, without receiving any provocation therefore from us.

    1. What is the background of this source? Job? Patriot, Loyalist, or British soldier?
    2. Who does this source claim fired first?
    3. What evidence does the source use to support their claim?
    4. What reasons might this source have to stretch the truth or not tell the truth?
    5. Do you believe the accuracy of this source? Why or why not?

     

     

     

    Answer the following: Who do you think fired first? Provide at least 2 reasons to back up your claim.

    1. Your claim. (Your opinion on who fired first)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

    1. Evidence #1: Write one piece of evidence that supports your claim (there must be a connection between the claim and the piece of evidence).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    1. Explain how the evidence supports your claim (2 sentences).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

           4. Evidence #2: Write another piece of evidence that supports your claim (there must be a connection between the claim and the piece of evidence).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

           5. Explain how the evidence supports your claim (2 sentences).