The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years War, was another chapter in the long history of turmoil between Great Britain and France.
The competition for land and wealth between the French and the British was a constant source of conflict. The French and Indian War got its roots when France began to occupy more territory in the Ohio River valley which was stepping on the claims made by British colonies, especially Virginia. There was a series of battles that took place leading to the defeat of a young General Washington as well as General Edward Braddock, who oversaw the British colonial forces. This led to Great Britain declaring war against France in 1756.
Great Britain suffered many defeats in the beginning due to a lack of support from the Mother Country, competition between the colonies, and the fact that France had built a much better alliance with the Indians.
The leadership of Lord William Pitt turned the tide in favor of the British when he borrowed heavily to finance the war. He also adjusted battle strategies to better fit the terrain and landscape of the frontier. Luck played a role in the British victory as well, when the Indians who had been fighting with France became battle weary and abandoned the war. The war officially ended in 1763, but the British still had skirmishes with the Indians over land, which continued for years.
The consequences of the French and Indian War were numerous. France’s claim and influence in North America ended, Great Britain had control of vast amounts of land, the relationship between them and the Indians had completely eroded, and the debt over the war, led to the taxation of colonists, eventually causing the Revolutionary War.