Common Core ~ Reading

  • Grade Level - Fifth

    RL:: Reading Standards for Literature


    RI: Reading Standards for Informational Text

    Key Ideas and Details


    Key Ideas and Details

    RL.5.1: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.


    RI.5.1: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

    RL.5.2: Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.


    RI.5.2: Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.


    RL.5.3: Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).


    RI.5.3: Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

    Craft and Structure


    Craft and Structure

    RL.5.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.


    RI.5.4: Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

    RL.5.5 Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.


    RI.5.5: Compare and contrast the organizational structure of events, ideas, concepts, or information (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) in two or more texts.

    RL.5.6: Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described.



    RI.5.6: Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas


    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

    RL.5.7: Analyze how visual and multimedia elements in conjunction with words contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction).


    RI.5.7: Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

     (Not applicable to literature)



    RI.5.8: Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence supports which point(s).

    RL.5.9: Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.


    RI.5.9: Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity


    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

    RL.5.10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.


    RI.5.10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational text, including historical, scientific, and technical texts, in the grades 4–5 text complexity band level independently and proficiently.

    RF: Foundational Skills: Fifth Grade

    Print Concepts

    None at this Grade Level

    Phonological Awareness

    None at this Grade Level

    Phonics and Word Recognition

    RF.5.3: Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

    a.    Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multi-syllabic words in context and out of context.


    RF.5.4: Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

    a.    Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.

    b.    Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression.

    c.     Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

    L: Language Standards: Fifth Grade


    L.5.1: Observe conventions of grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

    a.    Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general and their function in particular sentences.

    b.    Form and use the perfect (e.g., I had walked; I have walked; I will have walked) verb aspects.

    c.     Use verb tense and aspect to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions.

    d.    Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense and aspect.*

    e.     Use correlative conjunctions.

    L.5.2: Observe conventions of capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

    a.    Use punctuation to separate items in a series.*

    b.    Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence.

    c.     Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?), and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).

    d.    Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.

    e.    Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.

    Effective Language Use

    L.5.3: Use language to enhance meaning, convey style, and achieve particular effects when writing or speaking.

    a.    Expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.

    Vocabulary Acquisition and Usage

    L.5.4: Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

    a.    Use context (e.g., cause/effect relationships and comparisons in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

    b.    Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., photograph, photosynthesis).

    c.     Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

    L.5.5: Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

    a.    Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.

    b.    Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

    c.     Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.

    L.5.6: Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific vocabulary, including words and phrases that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition).