The Spanish Colony

  • The Spanish Colony

     

    -       Explorers claimed a lot of land in the New World for Spain

    -       Formed colonies to protect the land they were claiming from the Native Americans and other countries.

    -       The Colony of New Spain was formed in 1535, in Mexico

    -       Built large farms called plantations (example- to mine gold and silver)

    -       Large plantations needed workers

    -       The Spaniards enslaved the Native people to work on the plantations

    -       Bartolome’ de Las Casas was a colonist who was concerned about the treatment of Native American slaves.  He was a land owner who later became a priest

    -       Borderlands were the settlements on the edge of Spanish claims

    -       Spanish soldiers built forts called presidios to protect the borderlands

    -       Pedro Menendez de Aviles and 1,500 soldiers built the first permanent, or long lasting settlement

    -       Spain’s king sent missionaries to convert the Native Americans to Christianity

    -       Missionaries built religious settlements called missions

    -       Haciendas were large estates, homes built by the early Spanish settlers