NY State Reading Standards

  • English Language Arts Standards » Reading: Literature » Kindergarten
    The following standards offer a focus for instruction each year and help ensure that students gain adequate exposure to a range of texts and tasks. Rigor is also infused through the requirement that students read increasingly complex texts through the grades. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each year’s grade-specific standards and retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades.

    Key Ideas and Details

    • 1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
    • 2. With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.
    • 3. With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

    Craft and Structure

    • 4. Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
    • 5. Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).
    • 6. With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.

    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

    • 7. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts).
    • 8. (Not applicable to literature)
    • 9. With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.

    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

    • 10. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.



    English Language Arts Standards » Reading: Informational Text » Kindergarten

    Key Ideas and Details

    • 1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
    • 2. With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
    • 3. With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

    Craft and Structure

    • 4. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
    • 5. Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.
    • 6. Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.

    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

    • 7. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts).
    • 8. With prompting and support, identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.
    • 9. With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

    • 10. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

    English Language Arts Standards » Reading: Foundational Skills » Kindergarten
    These standards are directed toward fostering students’ understanding and working knowledge of concepts of print, the alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions of the English writing system. These foundational skills are not an end in and of themselves; rather, they are necessary and important components of an effective, comprehensive reading program designed to develop proficient readers with the capacity to comprehend texts across a range of types and disciplines. Instruction should be differentiated: good readers will need much less practice with these concepts than struggling readers will. The point is to teach students what they need to learn and not what they already know—to discern when particular children or activities warrant more or less attention.

    Print Concepts

    • 1. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
      • Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
      • Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.
      • Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
      • Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

    Phonological Awareness

    • 2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
      • Recognize and produce rhyming words.
      • Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
      • Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
      • Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words.1 (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)
      • Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.

    Phonics and Word Recognition

    • 3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
      • Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant.
      • Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
      • Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., theoftoyoushemyisaredo,does).
      • Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

    Fluency

    • 4.Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.

    1 Words, syllables, or phonemes written in /slashes/refer to their pronunciation or phonology. Thus, /CVC/ is a word with three phonemes regardless of the number of letters in the spelling of the word.



    English Language Arts Standards » Speaking and Listening » Kindergarten

    The following standards for K–5 offer a focus for instruction each year to help ensure that students gain adequate mastery of a range of skills and applications. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each year’s grade-specific standards and retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades.

    Comprehension and Collaboration

    • 1. Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
      • Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about the topics and texts under discussion).
      • Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.
    • 2. Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.
    • 3. Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.
    • Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
    • 4. Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail.
    • 5. Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.
    • 6. Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.